Our body is made up of multiple systems that are composed of multiple organs that function to maintain a balanced body. One of which is the cardiovascular system wherein veins, arteries, and capillaries are included. They are the ones that are responsible for distributing blood throughout our body. The blood, on the other hand, is the one that carries all the nutrients for distribution.
But, did you know that the blood itself is a complex system? It is not just merely a fluid that appears red when we see it. If you can remember your science lectures before, it is composed of different blood cells namely red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets. A lot of us, until now, still have a clear understanding of RBC and WBC since we always hear them around. However, platelets are less likely to be discussed.
Platelets only became too popular or part of the conversations between people and the news when cases related to it like dengue have emerged. Unlike WBCs and RBCs, platelets are actually incomplete cells or for that matter, not a cell. They are actually fragments of one large mother cell. To put it simply, it is like a breakdown product of a large cell. Platelets are actually part of the complete blood count (CBC) test that is done in patients.
Platelets actually play an important role at times when we are injured or wounded. They are the first one to arrive at the site to ensure that the walls that have been damaged will be closed so as to prevent more bleeding. Hence, they are important in preventing blood loss.
When you look at a CBC report, you will notice that the normal value of platelets come in a range. What does this mean? Such denotes that the amount of platelet in the blood should just be enough, not too low and not too high. That is because each situation can have negative effects.
What happens when you have low platelet counts?
As mentioned earlier, platelets are responsible for making sure that opening on the blood vessel walls can be sealed. With that in mind, a low level of platelet can make a person prone to too much bleeding. A low platelet count will also make a person prone to hematoma or easy bruising, blood in the urine, constant nose and gum bleeds, and the likes. For females, they may also experience excessive bleeding during their monthly period.
What happens if you have high platelet counts?
On the contrary, a person with a high platelet count will experience frequent headaches, dizziness, and chest pain. At times, he or she will also experience numbness, unconsciousness, and weakness. The dangerous thing about high platelet count is that it can lead to heart diseases because of clot production. Most of the time, a high level of platelet also indicates that a person has infection or inflammation.
Definitely, platelets play an important role in our lives. As similar to any other things in life, an excess or deficiency of which is not good. Hence, you must ensure that your platelet count is always at the normal range.